Anti-Phospho-MYLK (Y464) antibody

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Anti-Phospho-MYLK (Y464) antibody
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Product name Anti-Phospho-MYLK (Y464) antibody
Description Rabbit polyclonal to Phospho-MYLK (Y464).
Applications ELISA, IHC
Dilution range IHC 1:100-1:300
ELISA 1:10000
Specificity Phospho-MYLK (Y464) Polyclonal Antibody detects endogenous levels of MYLK protein only when phosphorylated at Y464.
Protein Name Myosin light chain kinase, smooth muscle
MLCK
smMLCK
Kinase-related protein
KRP
Telokin
Myosin light chain kinase, smooth muscle, deglutamylated form
Immunogen Synthesized peptide derived from human MYLK around the phosphorylation site of Y464.
Immunogen Region 400-480 aa
Storage Instruction Store at -20°C, and avoid repeat freeze-thaw cycles.
Note For Research Use Only (RUO).
Host Rabbit
Clonality Polyclonal
Reactivity Human
Conjugation Unconjugated
Concentration 1 mg/ml
Purification The antibody was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogen.
Isotype IgG
Formulation Liquid in PBS containing 50% glycerol, 0.5% BSA and 0.02% sodium azide.
Gene ID 4638
Gene Symbol MYLK
Molecular Weight 200 kDa
Database Links HGNC:7590
OMIM:600922
Alternative Names Phospho-MYLK (Y464)
Myosin light chain kinase, smooth muscle antibody
MLCK antibody
smMLCK antibody
Kinase-related protein antibody
KRP antibody
Telokin antibody
Myosin light chain kinase, smooth muscle, deglutamylated form antibody
MLCK antibody
MLCK1 antibody1 antibody
Function Calcium/calmodulin-dependent myosin light chain kinase implicated in smooth muscle contraction via phosphorylation of myosin light chains (MLC). Also regulates actin-myosin interaction through a non-kinase activity. Phosphorylates PTK2B/PYK2 and myosin light-chains. Involved in the inflammatory response (e.g. apoptosis, vascular permeability, leukocyte diapedesis), cell motility and morphology, airway hyperreactivity and other activities relevant to asthma. Required for tonic airway smooth muscle contraction that is necessary for physiological and asthmatic airway resistance. Necessary for gastrointestinal motility. Implicated in the regulation of endothelial as well as vascular permeability, probably via the regulation of cytoskeletal rearrangements. In the nervous system it has been shown to control the growth initiation of astrocytic processes in culture and to participate in transmitter release at synapses formed between cultured sympathetic ganglion cells. Critical participant in signaling sequences that result in fibroblast apoptosis. Plays a role in the regulation of epithelial cell survival. Required for epithelial wound healing, especially during actomyosin ring contraction during purse-string wound closure. Mediates RhoA-dependent membrane blebbing. Triggers TRPC5 channel activity in a calcium-dependent signaling, by inducing its subcellular localization at the plasma membrane. Promotes cell migration (including tumor cells) and tumor metastasis. PTK2B/PYK2 activation by phosphorylation mediates ITGB2 activation and is thus essential to trigger neutrophil transmigration during acute lung injury (ALI). May regulate optic nerve head astrocyte migration. Probably involved in mitotic cytoskeletal regulation. Regulates tight junction probably by modulating ZO-1 exchange in the perijunctional actomyosin ring. Mediates burn-induced microvascular barrier injury; triggers endothelial contraction in the development of microvascular hyperpermeability by phosphorylating MLC. Essential for intestinal barrier dysfunction. Mediates Giardia spp.-mediated reduced epithelial barrier function during giardiasis intestinal infection via reorganization of cytoskeletal F-actin and tight junctional ZO-1. Necessary for hypotonicity-induced Ca(2+) entry and subsequent activation of volume-sensitive organic osmolyte/anion channels (VSOAC) in cervical cancer cells. Responsible for high proliferative ability of breast cancer cells through anti-apoptosis.
Post-translational Modifications Can probably be down-regulated by phosphorylation. Tyrosine phosphorylation by ABL1 increases kinase activity, reverses MLCK-mediated inhibition of Arp2/3-mediated actin polymerization, and enhances CTTN-binding. Phosphorylation by SRC at Tyr-464 and Tyr-471 promotes CTTN binding. The C-terminus is deglutamylated by AGTPBP1/CCP1, AGBL1/CCP4 and AGBL4/CCP6, leading to the formation of Myosin light chain kinase, smooth muscle, deglutamylated form. The consequences of C-terminal deglutamylation are unknown . Acetylated at Lys-608 by NAA10/ARD1 via a calcium-dependent signaling; this acetylation represses kinase activity and reduces tumor cell migration.
Cellular Localization Cytoplasm. Cell projection, lamellipodium. Cleavage furrow. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Localized to stress fibers during interphase and to the cleavage furrow during mitosis.
Tissue Specificity Smooth muscle and non-muscle isozymes are expressed in a wide variety of adult and fetal tissues and in cultured endothelium with qualitative expression appearing to be neither tissue- nor development-specific. Non-muscle isoform 2 is the dominant splice variant expressed in various tissues. Telokin has been found in a wide variety of adult and fetal tissues. Accumulates in well differentiated enterocytes of the intestinal epithelium in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF).
Swiss-Prot Key Q15746_HUMAN
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